Today in writer’s glossary…
Neo-noir is a film genre, which refers to films made after the golden age of film noir, which many say began with The Maltese Falcon (1941). Some mark Orson Welles’ A Touch of Evil (1958) as the last true film noir and anything after that is dubbed neo-noir.
Neo-noir films have many of the elements of film noir, but may subvert certain aspects, such as gender or setting, as well as being more explicit, as they don’t have the same censorship rules as films of 1940s Hollywood.
Films that are considered neo-noir include Chinatown, Brick, The Machinist, Bound, Memento and Drive. The term only applies to film, not fiction, as it’s a distinction from the cinematic era of film noir. Novels and other fiction with elements of the original genre are simply noir.